The gooseneck microphones we have on sale come with the ability to switch between four of the most common polar patterns which are cardioid, super cardioid, hyper cardioid and omnidirectional. A polar pattern is essentially what area shape the mic capsule is able to pick up a voice with cardioid being the standard forward facing pattern with a bit of side spill, super cardioid with a more accurate directional pattern with less side spill/ more back spill, hyper cardioid is slightly more accurate again but with even more back spill and omnidirectional picks up 360 degrees of sound.
People who buy one gooseneck microphone for their lectern tend to set the polar pattern to omnidirectional so that every speaker’s voice is picked up evenly regardless of their height/ mic placement. Some people opt to buy two goosenecks for their lectern and have them set to one of the cardioid options, making it possible to have two people sharing the lectern while covering a larger area if it is only the one person speaking. The mic also has a switch for cutting the low end bass EQ of the signal (which is a standard vocal editing technique used for speech) if you do not have easy access to the mixing desk/ a sound engineer.